## Reading Difficulties Newcastle

Helping Your Child to Understand Mathematics

Lots of children have trouble transferring the mathematical concepts that they learn at school to "real life" and this makes it difficult for them to "get their head around it". Ways in which you can help them follow..

Whenever you purchase something, let them pay the person (with your money of course!) and if they have to get change, take the time to help them check that they got the right amount back from the salesperson.

Look for examples that demonstrate the concept of fractions when you are at home or out. For example, if you are cutting up a cake, cut it in half first, then cut each half into two, and then again.. while you are doing this, explain that when we are cutting something up into smaller parts, we are actually cutting them into fractions of one.

## Reading Difficulties Newcastle

Helping your child understand the relationship between mathematical operations can lead to success when doing maths. For example, Multiplication and Division are related as shown in the following examples.

Multiplication gives an answer that is "greater than" the number you start with in the question. E.g., "12 x 6 = 72" and "6 x 12 = 72". Multiplying makes a "bigger number" than either "12" or "6".

## The Relationship Between Multiplication and Division

Division gives an answer that is smaller than the number that you started off with in the question. E.g., "72 ÷ 12 = 6" and "72 ÷ 6 = 12". Division makes a "smaller number" than 72.

The above three numbers (6,12 and 72) are related (as shown above), so if your child can see this relationship, it can help them to work out problems that involve these three numbers.

Another way to think of the relationship between multiplication and division is that they are the "reverse of each other".

This and other helpful hints for parents can be found in my book 'Can I Help My Child Learn? A Parent Guide Written in Plain English"